From the European Society for Research in Adult Development, we would like to present to you the December edition of our Research and Events Digest which features work by ESRAD members, events related to Adult Development, and recent developments in the fields of Leadership and Wisdom.
We would also like to wish you a very happy time during the winter holidays and an amazing start to the next year. We hope it brings you all the joy and success!
Research and Events Digest Newsletter
Publications by ESRAD Members
Leadership for Transition (LiFT) is a large-scale project that brings together innovative researchers, practitioners and citizens engaged in the fields of leadership, education and societal transition to promote more integrative, more effective and thus more sustainable ways of living in Europe and beyond.
Recently, LiFT has published its main findings and resources in the form of four books and a course curriculum. Click here to see those.
Partners in LiFT include Elke Fein and Jonathan Reams, who are also ESRAD members.
by Igor Grossman
Philosophers argue that knowledge is insufficient for understanding wisdom and its development across adulthood. Instead, they have argued that wisdom requires certain aspects of meta-cognition to flexibly navigate complex environments: epistemic humility, consideration of multiple perspectives and ways a situation may unfold, and the integration of different perspectives. Recent scholarship starts to showcase the psychological utility of these processes for goal-management, well-being and prosociality (1, 2, 3). It highlights the fundamental role of situational contingencies inhibiting or promoting these aspects of meta-cognition in daily life (4, 5, 6). Results indicate that social contexts (e.g., being together with friends/work-colleagues) promote wise reasoning more than non-social situations, self-focused contexts inhibit wise reasoning, and contexts promoting ego-decentered mindsets (e.g., generativity, self-distancing) sustain wise reasoning in self-focused situations. Within-person (state) differences in wisdom across situations also appear at least as large if not larger than between-person (trait) differences (6). Using these insights, a novel cost-effective and state-sensitive approach has been introduced and psychometrically validated, promoting simultaneous consideration of both state and trait-level of wisdom (7). This new approach allows for ecological measurement of wisdom-related processes in a reliable fashion and has already started to uncover some surprising findings, such as how social class ecology impacts one’s propensity for wise reasoning (8).